The agreement is an important turning point in U.S. trade policy and the types of free trade agreements that the U.S. has generally supported. Instead of lowering tariffs to allow the flow of goods and services to meet market demand, this agreement leaves behind record levels of tariffs and requires China to buy $200 billion worth of certain products within two years. A September 2018 article by Brahma Chellaney said america`s trade war with China should not mask broader opposition to China`s mercantilist practices in trade, investment and lending.  But the deal preserves most of the tariffs Mr. Trump has imposed on $360 billion of Chinese goods, and it maintains the threat of additional sanctions if Beijing does not comply with the terms of the agreement. Internationally, the Trump administration`s end goal of changing China`s trade policy has been supported, while the use of tariffs and the negative economic impact of the trade war have also been criticized. Among U.S. industries, U.S.
companies and agribusinesses have spoken out against the trade war, even though most farmers have continued to support Trump. Among U.S. politicians, some disagree with Trump`s tactics, but most agree with the goal of putting pressure on China.  In late November 2019, none of the leading Democratic presidential candidates said they would lift tariffs, including Joe Biden and Elizabeth Warren, both of whom agree with the United States. had to deal with what they claimed was China`s unfair trade policy.  Following the Battle of the Galwan Valley in 2020, Indian commentators referred to the US-China trade war as part of their overall analysis of the impact of the battle on the future relationship between India and China.        The China-ASEAN Free Trade Agreement (CEFTA) is the first free trade agreement in China`s external negotiations and the largest free trade area. THE CEFTA has vigorously promoted the stable and rapid development of bilateral trade and economic relations over the long term. The government has announced that it will address some of these changes in Phase 2 of the negotiations and partially maintain tariffs to maintain leverage for the next round of negotiations. Trump said he would remove all tariffs if the two sides agreed on the next phase.