Good Friday Agreement Main Points

The agreement reaffirmed its commitment to “mutual respect, civil rights and religious freedoms for all in the community.” The multi-party agreement recognised “the importance of respect, understanding and tolerance with regard to linguistic diversity”, in particular with regard to the Irish language, the Ulster Scots and the languages of other ethnic minorities in Northern Ireland, “all of which are part of the cultural richness of the island of Ireland”. The agreement called for a 108-member assembly in Belfast, responsible for finance, economic development, health, education, welfare, environment and agriculture. Other responsibilities would remain in London. During negotiations on the UK`s planned withdrawal from the European Union in 2019, the EU developed a position paper on its concerns about the UK`s support for the Good Friday Agreement during Brexit. The position paper covers, inter alia, the prevention of a hard border, North-South cooperation between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland, the right to birth of all inhabitants of Northern Ireland (as provided for in the Agreement) and the common travel area. [31] [32] Anyone born in Northern Ireland who is therefore entitled to an Irish passport under the Good Friday Agreement can retain EU citizenship even after Brexit. [33] As part of the European Union`s Brexit negotiating directives, the UK has been asked to convince other EU members that these issues have been addressed to move on to the second phase of Brexit negotiations. Before the agreement, the body was composed only of parliamentarians from the British and Irish parliaments. .