The European Coal and Steel Community was established in 1952 from six Western European countries. This would lead to the European Union in 1992, as the central powers would increase and the number of members would reach 28 in 2013. The Union has a common market and in particular has the competence to conclude trade agreements. The Union has only the competence conferred on it by its Member States and, therefore, when a treaty covers areas in which it is not competent, the Member States become parties to the Treaty next to the Union. The agreement obliges Ukraine to carry out economic, judicial and financial reforms in order to integrate its policy and legislation with that of the European Union. Ukraine is committed to gradually complying with EU technical and consumer standards.  The EU agrees to provide Ukraine with political and financial support, access to research and knowledge and preferential access to EU markets. The agreement commits both sides to promote progressive convergence towards the EU`s common security and defence policy and the policy of the European Defence Agency. The parties will gradually establish a free trade area known as the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (ACFTA), over a maximum transitional period of 10 years from the time the agreement comes into force.  Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych reaffirmed his commitment to the agreement during his annual speech on Ukraine`s Independence Day on 24 August and called it an incentive for Ukraine to become a modern European state. In the same speech, he also called for the preservation and deepening of relations”…, the united Russia, countries of the Eurasian community, other world leaders and new centers of economic development.  Pro-European Ukrainian opposition politicians said that Russia`s action was in line with a leaked document that set out a Russian government strategy to rob Belarus, Kazakhstan and Russia`s customs union of Ukraine and prevent further association with Euro-Atlantic structures. The 14-language document lists efforts to promote pro-Russian rhetoric in the media dominated by anti-Russian views, to punish pro-European entrepreneurs, tv moguls and Ukrainian politicians, to elect pro-Russian Viktor Medvedchuk as president in 2015, and then to clean up pro-European officials.