1916 Sykes-Picot Agreement Tagalog

After the Constantinople Agreement, the French turned to the British to develop their reciprocal desiderata and the British set up the De Bunsen Committee on 8 April 1915 to examine British options. [45] Zionism was not taken into account in the June 1915 Committee report,[46] which concluded that in the event of division or zone of influence, there must be a British sphere of influence that included Palestine, while accepting that there be relevant French and Russian interests, as well as Islamic interests, in Jerusalem and in the holy places. [47] The agreement thus helped to frame the contours of modern nation-states in a region where there were none before. Since it is essentially an agreement between two colonialist powers outside the region, it would have devastating effects. Returning to the Sykes-Picot agreement, it should be noted that St. Petersburg must have become aware of the Russian plan to resolve the Straits issue as ambitious. First, the Western European Allies agreed on conditions – in addition to Russia, which accepted the division of the Arab vilayets of the Ottoman Empire between England and France, pursued free trade across the strait and set up a “free port” regime in Constantinople – in favor of total victory over Turkey (“if the war is carried out.” London and Paris, which had suffered some bitter defeats in the war, were not sure they could overcome the Ottomans without Russia. They handed Russia the key role of the war and put it under pressure. Secondly, the issue had to be officially settled in a future peace treaty and it was not at all known how London and Paris would behave after Turkey`s defeat. Third, to stop its own positions, Russia needed powerful levers to put pressure on its cartel partners, which it unfortunately did not have. It is no coincidence that most Russian historians regard the St. Petersburg agreement with London and Paris as a kind of IOU for which a payment has not yet been made.

When these architects of the colonial conquest of the Ottoman Arab provinces were tasked with delineating the spheres of influence of the two powers, they drew in November 1915 an almost straight line in the sand between the Palestinian town of Akko, near Haifa, on the Mediterranean coast, and Kirkuk, in northern Iraq, known as the E-K line (“E” for the last letter in the English name of the first city). , Acre and “K” for the first letter of the name Kirkuk). The area south of the line is expected to be dominated by Great Britain and the northern part of France.